The Titanic was the the most famous ocean liner of all time. Some have promoted it as the “unsinkable ship”, despite engineers claiming it was Most likely unsinkable. She was the largest passenger ship in the world when she sailed on her maiden voyage with an impressive length of 882′, height of 175′ and beam of 92′. But how much did the Titanic weigh?
How much did the Titanic weigh?
Titanic’s total weight was 52,310 tons or 47,454.834 metric tons. Due to its size, it needed 6,000 tons of coal per day to move the ship forward. Coal was loaded into the furnaces of the Titanic by groups of 170 workers. The Titanic produced 100 tons of ash per day, which was dumped into the North Atlantic Ocean.
What was the move?
As the RMS Titanic weighed 52,310 tons, it would have an average draft of 34′ 7”. The weight of seawater a ship displaces is an estimate of the actual weight relative to the enclosed space. The Titanic was quoted at 66,000 tons, but that is incorrect.
The actual displacement is a bit higher due to the wider beam and other design changes, as well as the actual weight of 52,310 tons.
Displacement and buoyancy are two of the most important factors when designing a ship. You should always consider weight as it affects movement through the water and how the vessel floats. If any of these measures are out of order, it affects the vessel.
The weight of the iceberg
The huge iceberg responsible for sinking the infamous ship on April 15, 1912 was estimated at 75 million tons. Professor Grant Bigg estimated it to be 100,000 years old, if not more. At that time, there were no legal requirements that the ship needed enough lifeboats for each passenger, nor were there any established safety measures as we know them today.
The Titanic was carrying 1,317 guests when it sank. There were not enough lifeboats to evacuate all the passengers safely. Since the ship was considered “unsinkable”, no one thought the rescue ships would be needed.
However, the pressure exerted on the ship during its maiden voyage took the lives of people. The captain increased speed to get ahead of schedule. He was confident the ship could handle it and wanted the publicity that would come if they arrived at their destination, not just on time, but earlier than expected. What could go wrong?
“Iceberg ahead!” was the answer to this question. However, the ship’s speed was not the only factor that led to its demise. Well, not quite, anyway.
What contributed to the Titanic disaster?
Speed was just one of the issues that sank the ship. Everyone thought the Titanic could take anything the sea could throw at it. However, there were several flaws in the methodology.
go too fast
People frequently blamed Captain EJ Smith for sailing the ship at 22 knots in an area they had been told hours before was laden with icebergs. Some thought Captain Smith wanted a better crossing time. However, further proof suggests they may have been trying to control a fire in the ship’s coal bunker.
Iceberg Warning Ignored
The SS Californian radioed another ship in the area an hour before the Titanic struck the iceberg, indicating an ice field was ahead. As the warning did not have the prefix MSG (Master’s Service Gram) requiring the captain to acknowledge receipt, the radio operator considered the warning non-urgent. He never passed it on.
Louise Patten, the granddaughter of Charles Lightoller, who was Titanic’s highest-ranking surviving officer, wrote in her book that the crew may have panicked when they heard a right turn, which would have cleared the iceberg . Since ships operate on different steering systems, they may have gotten confused and made a wrong turn.
When the Titanic was located in 1985, investigators found the ship was not intact when it sank after hitting the iceberg. It has been broken on the surface, maybe due to use lower quality rivets to hold the steel plates of the hull together.
The rivets were examined and showed a high concentration of fusion residue which splits the metal. This may have weakened the hull, which broke the ship apart after it hit the iceberg.
So what does this have to do with weight?
If displacement and buoyancy were factors, this could explain the weakening of the ship, since both of these factors are critical to safety. Also, if what was discovered on the rivets was true, it was far from an unsinkable vessel. However, the designers may not have known this at the time.
Despite these possible contributing factors, we know that the Titanic sank at least in part because of her rapid speed and lack of maneuverability. A large ship needs more time and slower speed to get around an obstacle and avoid hitting it at full speed. If the Titanic had been fitted with the propellers fitted to modern cruise ships, the ship would likely have attempted to reverse.
Read also : How much does a cruise ship weigh?
A massive, heavy object like a speeding cruise ship would have a hard time avoiding an iceberg if it weren’t warned enough. It takes a long time to run a ship the size of the Titanic due to its weight and engines lacking current technology.
The massive weight of the Titanic was very impressive for its time, but the “unsinkable” ship was obviously flawed. It seems a combination of poor engineering and navigational decisions combined with the laws of physics led to its ultimate demise.